In 1967, the Israeli society was panicked by the deadly threat posed by the May 30 Egypt-Syria-Jordan anti-Israel military pact, by the brutal pressure of the US, France, Britain and the international community to refrain from a preemptive operation, by the deepening (20%) unemployment, and by escalating pessimism within the political and military leadership.
Prime Minister Levy Eshkol exercised leadership. He was not swept by the weakness of the people, and he did not allow a transient somber reality to erode long term national strategic goals. Instead, he leveraged the crisis as a springboard for a strategic upgrade. He defied US and international pressure, launched the preemptive Six Day War, destroyed the infrastructure of the threatening enemy, rescuing the Jewish State from pending oblivion. Eshkol, therefore, enhanced strategic appreciation of Israel, transforming the Jewish State from a "historical accident" to a factor of regional deterrence and a unique strategic ally of the USA.